In the spring of 1996 the Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) emptied
out an area of ca. 64 m2 within the cave with the help of local
residents. At this time, the first possible artefacts were found in the
sediments and sent to the National Board of Antiquities. Wolf Cave
was protected under the Antiquities Act pending further investigations.
In June, 1997 the National Board of Antiquities in collaboration with
the Geological Survey of Finland initiated a test excavation in order
to assess the archaeological value of the cave. The results were very
A multidisciplinary research project for investigations of Susiluola
cave involving the National Board of Antiquities Department of
Archaeology, the Geological Survey of Finland, the Helsinki University
Department of Geology, and the Helsinki University Dating Laboratory
was initiated in the winter of 1998. The 1998 summer field
investigations lasted from 31.5. to 3.7. During the excavations were
discovered numerous sandstone artefacts and flakes. The most important
finds were the trampled pavement of the layer IV and the signs of fire.
Two additional sediment layers were discovered under the sediment layer
In 1999 more extensive excavations than ever before were conducted from
24.5. to 8.7. At that time two new caves were discovered on the north
and northwest slopes of Susivuori hill. At least one of these caves has
an opening larger than that of Wolf Cave - unfortunately its
opening collapsed slightly after the last ice age. These caves were
almost entirely filled with earth so their interior heights could not
The National Board of Antiquities was able to allocate significantly
less research funds in for work in the year 2000. Because of this,
excavations were limited to just three weeks time. Excavations were
also conducted outside of the cave.
Because of the danger of collapse in the cave, no excavations were
conducted during the summer of 2001. This threat of collapse was due to
changes in temperature and moisture conditions caused by the partial
excavation of the cave.
The cave was reinforced with steel bolts and mortar joints in such a
way that, with exception of the ceiling net, the added supports are not
noticeable. There were no excavations during the summer of 2002, but
reinforcing the cave has made it possible to continue excavations in
Only small scale control excavation.
Excavations 21.7. -
Excavations 30.5. - 7.7.2005
retrieved from the cave so far include some 200 identified tools (e.g.
unifacial chopper, a notched implement, a broad side scraper, a small
round scraper, a denticulated implement and a hammerstone) and about
600 stone flakes and chips probably left from the work of fashioning
stone tools. (Source: The National Board of Antiquities)